1.5 billion and prostheses: corruption schemes to provide people with disabilities with rehabilitation aids
Assessing the corruption risks of acting legislation is the next step towards community-based legislation.
The social sphere was chosen not by chance because it is socially significant. After all, the elimination or minimization of corruption risks will affect the lives of many people.
The first direction of such an analysis was the analysis of providing the disabled with technical means of their rehabilitation. It is the most expensive part of the state budget to support the disabled; and it includes prostheses, orthoses, wheelchairs and walkers, medical beds, and more.
Every year, for these purposes about UAH 1,5 billion is allocated from the taxpayers' funds.
The National Agency on Corruption Prevention together with the Institute of Legislative Ideas investigated the most common corruption schemes for providing the disabled with technical means of their rehabilitation.
Corruption risks of the existing system of access of enterprises to the market of technical means of rehabilitation were analyzed separately, the practice of their implementation was studied, as well as the negative consequences they lead to. Information was obtained from many sources by using various methods. Anonymous surveys of enterprises, associations of persons with disabilities allowed to provide an objective assessment of the existing system of access to the market of technical means of rehabilitation, identify shortcomings of the mechanism, and make specific recommendations to address them by developing new regulations of the sphere.
On October 28, 2021, ILI together with NACP presented two analytical products (link is below).
In addition, participants of the event, including the Deputy Minister of Social Policy Yevhen Kotyk, MPs, Chairman of the Subcommittee on Social Protection and Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities of the Verkhovna Rada Committee on Social Policy and Veterans' Rights Serhiiy Hryvko, representatives of the President's Office, the Social Protection Fund, the Accounting Chamber, the State Audit Service, the State Medical Service, and about a hundred representatives of enterprises and associations of persons with disabilities were able to learn about and discuss five alternatives for regulating the system of rehabilitation for the persons with disabilities, described in the Short Study.
The Institute of Legislative Ideas will continue to study this sphere and participate in developing policies to provide the disabled with technical means of their rehabilitation, and to eliminate corrupt practices in this area.